Why is this important? – Effects of increasing population and climate change threaten both us and the wide diversity of our planet.
Mitigation : Using science and our natural environment to help mitigate the effects of climate change.
Examples : Development of crops resistant to the impacts of climate change; Sustainable agricultural practices including the protection of soils; Restoration of landscapes to prevent fast water run-off and flooding; Restoration of natural wet-lands and tropical mangrove barriers to protect low-lying coasts from flooding.
Protection : Of the natural diversity of our planet by protecting habitats and genetic diversity.
Examples : Agreements to protect vulnerable species such as CITES; Sustainable resource sharing (such as fishing) agreements; Restoration and protection of threatened habitats; Internationally coordinated breeding programs; Seed banks.
Examples : Technology to remove toxic spillages; Clean-up of plastic from the environment; Recycling technologies . In the North East, removal of redundant off-shore oil assets.
Skills needed : Useful skills are biology, botany, environmental science, genetics, politics, psychology, agricultural science, chemistry, engineering, geology, computer science.
What will push development? : The increasing loss of soils, environmental toxins and unsustainable agricultural and fishing practices coupled with population growth, will threaten our ability to feed ourselves. The increasing cost of insurance against wind, flooding and drought.
Consequences : Along with climate change one of the truly global issues threatening our survival.